International Water Day

Theme “Accelerating Change

In 2019, WHO and UNICEF agreed that 2.2 billion people still lack access to safe and continuous drinking water. Cameroon is among the countries with the most critical situation with 34% of the population without access to safe drinking water.

Therefore, on this day, GREEN CONNEXION advocates for increased budgetary allocations in the water, hygiene and sanitation sector, for better access for all and to better respond to the health shocks we experience every day.

It is also an opportunity to advocate for the acceleration of projects aimed at the sustainable management of this natural resource.


International Forest Day 2023

“Forests and Health”.

Still called the green lung of the planet, the forest in one way or another is linked to our daily life. Among its many ecological benefits, it is important to remember on this day that forests contribute to water and air quality through their role in preserving and purifying the environment.
It is therefore mandatory to act in favour of forests because healthy forests are necessary for healthy populations.



2016 (1)

Name of the mission: Nachtigal Amont Project: Additional environmental studies. Technical specifications for carrying out the monitoring of populations and conservation trials of aquatic plants Ledermanniella 2016


Country: Cameroon

Location: Batchenga (NDJI)

Project description:This note presents the specifications for a floristic study aimed at mapping the distribution of   aquatic plant speciesLedermanniellaand other aquatic species at stake with the Lom Pangar low water support, to better understand the ecology of Ledermanniella and to carry out the first conservation trials of the species


2016 (2)

Mission name: Detailed environmental study of freshwater aquatic plants of the Makay hydroelectric complex (South Cameroon).

Pays : Cameroun

Localisation : MAKAK  (Makay et Dippipi)

Description of the project: The actions to be carried out were the following:

– Carry out field inventories to identify and locate the presence of protected aquatic plant species and favorable habitats. These inventories will be carried out following an adapted methodology



Mission name: Nachtigal amont. Survey of aquatic plants Ledermanniella 2018

Country: Cameroon

Location: Batchenga (Nachtigal)

Project description: The Nachtigal up stream hydroelectric project (Middle Sanaga, Cameroon) is located on the up stream part of the Nachtigal falls and will create a reservoir of approximately 4.2 sq.km. Risks of impact have been identified on the two species of aquatic plants Ledermanniella. Among the accompanying measures proposed, the first is to improve and consolidate knowledge of the distribution of Ledermanniella in and especially outside the project area (on major tributaries); the second is to safeguard local genetic material.  The objective of the service is to continue the surveys of the two Ledermanniella species, and to collect genetic material to be maintained in a seed bank.

2019 (1)

Mission name: Status assessment of the Freshwater plants of Western Africa

Countries: Cameroon, Nigeria, Niger, Mali, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Senegal, Equatorial Guinea, Republic of Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Mauritania, Guinea Bisau, Gambia, Togo.

Location :West Africa

Project description: The Consultant will draft assessments of a subset of the freshwater plants native to West Africa for The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

2019 (2)

Mission Name: Accompanying measures for the aquatic plants Ledermanniella and Marsdeniaabyssinica

Country: Cameroon

Location: Nachtigal

Project description: Continue the survey of the two species of aquatic plants Ledermanniella (sanagaensis and thalloidea), and relocate stations of Marsdeniaabyssinica plants located in the construction area to less impacted locations.



Name of the mission:Complementary study on the biodiversity issues of the lokoua dam project (aquatic plants and habitats inventories)

Country: Republic of Guinea

Location :Lokoua

Project description: Within the framework of the Lokoua dam project in Guinea Conakry, an environmental and social impact study was carried out. The first results indicate the potential presence of endangered animal species in the vicinity of the site where the dam will be built. However, the methodological approach used does not make it possible to (i) determine with a sufficient level of confidence the level of impact of the project on biodiversity and (ii) conclude on the risk of destruction of critical habitat.

AFD therefore wishes to carry out an in-depth study of the ecological issues at stake in order to determine the project’s impacts on sensitive species in the vicinity of the infrastructure and reservoir implementation site.

This impact study must meet the following objectives

– Strengthen the initial state of habitats, flora and fauna in order to have the necessary data to allow an analysis of the stakes in accordance with the World Bank standards and good practices in the field;

– Complete the analysis of the impacts on biodiversity by studying in particular the risks related to (i) the cutting of terrestrial and aquatic corridors, (ii) the modification of the hydrological regime downstream of the dam, (iii) the creation of the reservoir, (iv) the increase in pressure on the natural environment following the flooding of arable land at the level of the reservoir and the installation of the construction site. This list is not exhaustive and may be adapted according to the bibliographical analysis and the results of the field surveys;

– Indicate whether the dam will result in the destruction of critical habitats;

– Define impact management measures according to the avoid, reduce and compensate approach.

The methodological approach chosen to achieve the above objectives will be based on good professional practices and World Bank and IFC standards, notably WB Environmental and Social Standard 6 and IFC Performance Standard 6.

2021 (1)

Name of the mission: Complementary study on the biodiversity issues of the lokoua dam project (aquatic plant and habitat inventories)

Country: Republic of Guinea

Location: Lokoua

Project description: Second mission, see description above


2021 (2)

Name of the mission: Accompanying measures for aquatic plants Ledermanniella and MarsdeniaAbyssinica

Country: Cameroon

Location: Batchenga (NDJI)

Project description:The objective is the implementation of urgent measures of the mitigation strategy of priority aquatic species at risk declined in the new aquatic plants strategy.

Specific objectives:

1) Establish a reliable baseline for Ledermanniella species identified at the Nachtigal site and identification of other populations in the Sanaga River Basin;

2) Complete the information on the identification of the ecological needs of the species in order to identify the existing threats, the state of degradation and the measures to restore the populations ;

3) Elaboration of a protocol for the collection of seeds of Ledermanniella and Marsdeniaabyssinica and the setting up of an experimental nursery for Marsdeniaabyssinica;

4) Development of protocols for translocation trials.



Name of the mission: Accompanying measures for Ledermanniella aquatic plants within the framework of the Nachtigal-amont hydroelectric development project 2022

Country: Cameroon

Location: Batchenga (NDJI), Mpem and Djim National Park (PNMpD)

Description du projet : L’objectif de la prestation est la mise en œuvre et le suivi des actions de saison sèche 2021-2022 préconisées dans la nouvelle stratégie actualisée des plantes aquatiques.

Objectifs spécifiques :

– Préparer avec le soutien de Kew Garden le calendrier d’intervention pour la saison sèche 2021-2022

– Collecte de spécimens/graines et expérimentation des méthodes de propagation et de translocation dans le Parc National du Mpem et Djim (PNMpD) (dispersion des graines, multiplication végétative, translocation avec substrat) ;

– Poursuivre dans le PNMpD, la recherche de L. linearifolia et L. sp. Nov, l’identification des sites propices à la translocation/compensation et l’identification des besoins écologiques des espèces de Ledermaniella ;

– Préparer et soumettre un rapport mensuel détaillé résumant toutes les activités du mois en cours.



L’équipe de Green Connexion au campement


International Day for Biological Diversity 2019

The Green Connection Environmental Group will celebrate the International Day for Biological Diversity on June 1st, 2019 (a little deferred since the date dedicated is May 22nd). Green Connexion has joined hands with the National School of Water and Forests of Mbalmayo, to concelebrate the event to give it more brilliance.
The program includes guided tours, presentations and a field trip in the School’s experimental forest.

Green Connexion, observer of the COP 14

As report.

Flags of signatory CBD countries floating on Sharm El Sheikh. November 26, 2018. Photo @ greenconnexion 2018.

The summit of universality

This Thursday, November 29, 2018 will end in Sharm El Sheikh in Egypt, the fourteenth biodiversity Conference Of Parties (COP 14). The theme of the conference this year was “Investing in Biodiversity for People and Planet”. Conference of the Parties? Yes, but not only. The nearly 3000 participants in the conference this year, from all over the world, are made up of the parties (so far 168 signatories of the Convention on Biological Diversity and 196 parties), observers, representatives of IGOs, NGOs , renowned scientists, civil society figures, public figures, politicians, journalists, etc.

Biodiversity is at the center of the meeting. Still, the conference of the parties is a good excuse that allows to gather for two weeks all the peoples of the world at the same place on the earth, to give them the opportunity to work together on the feasibility of a common goal. The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), because of its essential and existential character for humans, is one of the biggest initiatives of the United Nations in the last 25 years. Beyond its ultimate goal of protecting, conserving and even restoring biodiversity, the Sharm El Sheikh Summit is finally a summit celebrating universality.

Emblem of the city of Sharm El Sheikh. Photo @ greenconnexion, November 2018

Careful preparation

When the Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sissi comes to inaugurate the launching of COP 14 activities on November 17, 2018, the observer that we are has the impression, founded or not, that his country is preparing this moment for a dozen years. In fact, the preparations seem to have been settled in the smallest details:

– The city of the conference

Egypt chooses the city of the conference on purpose. Indeed, next to its strategic position since nestled between the desert of the Sinai Peninsula and the Red Sea, Sharm el-Sheikh is a seaside town. It is famous for its secluded sandy beaches, clear waters and coral reefs. It is a strongly touristy city where many hotel formations sport up to 700 rooms.

Location of the city of Sharm El Sheikh (red bubble), open to the Red Sea.


– An appropriate environment

Opened at the beginning of 2006, the International Congress Center of Jolie Ville in Sharm El Sheikh is built to host large international meetings and it is appropriate to organize the COP 14. This center is remarkable for its facilities, especially a “Summit Room” with an area of 2200 square meters, more than 11 meeting rooms with an area ranging from 140 to 800 square meters, 6 VIP meeting rooms with an area of 55 square meters, cabins d modern audiovisual installations and an advanced lighting system. The entrance is 240 m2 and is equipped with a registration area. It is in this center that other international meetings such as the World Economic Forum and the International Youth Forum have been held.

– Security at the height of the event

The security of the COP 14 is ostensible or unobtrusive, ubiquitous, and even shocking. In addition to more than 100 armed UN peacekeepers in United Nations uniforms, plainclothes or uniformed, but still armed, hooded snipers provide uncompromising security. The reality is that we do not receive more than 196 delegations from virtually every five continents, like one would receive a neighbor during a courtesy visit. In addition, prominent Egyptian political figures came to the COP 14 meeting, namely the President of the Republic of Egypt and the Governor of South Sinai, which alone could justify a greater security effort. . However, we are in Sharm El Sheikh, and it is still fresh in memory that famous night of 22 – 23 July 2005, Egyptian National Day, where a series of seven almost simultaneous explosions made 88 dead and more than 200 wounded. Rather than being criticized, well thought out, faced with the same situation, this example deserves to be copied rather.

Main entrance of the International Congress Center of Jolie Ville (Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt). Photo @ greenconnexion, 11-2018.

– A commendable effort

There is no perfect organization. However, we can say that Egypt’s effort in organizing the COP 14 can be appreciated. Although coastal, Sharm El Sheikh is not a particularly wet city, and even the visible sand dunes and bare lateritic domes extend to infinity. Yet, a stranger can easily appreciate the human efforts that have been provided recently to make the city more welcoming.

By organization, we refer to the introduction of the invitations in time, the diplomatic facilitation of obtaining visas, the organization of travel and accommodation, the reception of participants, transport etc. There is also a very important effort in social communication. Indeed, all the streets of Sharm El Sheikh as well as any corner of the International Congress Center of Jolie Ville are emblazoned with the signs of the COP 14. Plenaries and side events are organized with care.

A plenary session of COP 14 in the Summit Room. Photo @ greenconnexion, November 2018.

The conference itself

The thirty items on the agenda have been executed. Of those entrusted to working groups, many have already been discussed in plenary, corrected and then adopted. The various reports produced as a result of these treatments are online at https://www.cbd.int/conferences/2018/cop-14/documents. As we close this paper, some points are still under discussion in plenary, but as was often the case at this conference, consensus will always be found and final resolutions adopted.

There is no perfect work

COP 14 held the promise of flowers. However, some gray areas need to be identified to help improve the future.

– Too much secret

Maybe it was for security reasons mentioned above? The truth is that no one knows in which room the Sharm El Sheikh congress will be held until the day of the congress itself, and the program communicated in advance is simply indicative.

Street dressed with COP 14 flags. Photo @ Greenconnexion, November 2018.

– No money for the poor

It is difficult to speak on behalf of the whole world, however we can recognize that the non-governmental organizations sitting as observers or not, invited to the COP 14 participated on their own funds, regardless of their age or their geographical belonging. We take this opportunity to remind the international opinion that, sometimes among the most active in the protection and conservation of biodiversity, most young non-governmental organizations or serving in developing countries have relatively low resources. Yet, concretely, their action in the field of conservation sometimes goes beyond the effort of the states themselves. This is the place here for us to appeal for financial support of these organizations for their upcoming participation in the Conference of the Parties. NGOs of African descent have done their best to participate in COP 14 in Egypt, and very often with only one member to represent them. Will they be able to attend the COP15 in China?

And as COP 14 comes to an end, we sincerely believe that the Egyptian flag can float even more proudly in the sky than before, until we all meet again in China for COP 15 in 2020.

Some buses allocated to transport delegates to COP 14. Photo @ greenconnexion. November 2018.


The Egyptian flag proudly floating on Sharm El Sheikh. Photo @ greenconnexion, November 2018.


This paper is written from Sharm El Sheikh by Dr. GHOGUE Jean-Paul, Green Connection Coordinator. November 27, 2018.

Green Connexion, IUCN and the COP 14

Between Green Connexion and IUCN there is a long love story. Already in 2008, it was under the guidance of IUCN that, as an independent consultant, Green Connection’s future founder, Dr GHOGUE Jean-Paul, conducted the assessment of the conservation status of freshwater plants of Central Africa. This work, which was evaluated and published in the 2009 IUCN Red List, was directly commissioned and controlled by the IUCN’s Freshwater Biodiversity Unit (https://www.iucnredlist.org/ ). At the end of this work, the author publishes a paper that summarizes in a way all that is currently known about freshwater plants in the sub-region (Ghogue, 2011).

Partial view of an IUCN working session at COP 14 with the participation of Green Connexion. Sharm el Sheikh (Egypt), November 22, 2018. Photo @ greenconnexion2018.

Green Connexion was born in 2011 when its founder was already a member of the IUCN Species Survival Commission (SSC); and the same founder, Dr. GHOGUE, is now a founding member of the Freshwater Plants Experts Group and responsible for Africa of the Podostemaceae Subgroup, both of IUCN.

Green Connexion as an organization officially became a member of IUCN on November 21st, 2018 and is committed to supporting the IUCN Mission, which is to influence, encourage and assist companies around the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable.

In fact, Green Connexion and IUCN share the same vision of awareness and, above all, action in the service of biodiversity. As such, the two organizations have so far conducted many joint actions (roundtables, interviews, educational meetings, exhibitions and even implementation of joint projects).

IUCN Banner at COP 14. Photo @ greenconnexion, 22 November 2018.

It is with this background and kinship that the two organizations, Green Connexion and IUCN, arrive in Sharm El Sheikh for COP 14 in November 2018, where Green Connexion participated in most of the daily meetings of adjustment and orientation, organized by the IUCN Focal Point for the IUCN’s delegates and members.


Ghogue J.-P. (2011). The status and distribution of freshwater plants in Central Africa. In Brooks E.G.E., Allen D.J. and Darwall W.R.T. The status and distribution of freshwater biodiversity in Central Africa. Redlist. 92 – 109.

Posted by Dr. GHOGUE Jean-Paul, Coordinator of Green Connexion, Sharm El Sheikh, November 25, 2018.

Green Connexion and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

By participating in COP 14 on biodiversity this year, Green Connexion is fulfilling a child’s dream of any environmental organization. Nonetheless, the terms of the CBD (Convention on Biological Diversity) are the very foundation of the creation of Green Connexion. Therefore, between the CBD and Green Connection exists an existential link. Already in its global strategy for the conservation of biodiversity in 2012, just one year after its official launch, Green Connexion already recognized that the CBD was the best model on which any organization recognizing itself in the protection of biodiversity and environment should base its strategy.

It was written: “Green Connexion is an environmental group. For the conservation of biodiversity, its strategy is essentially modeled on that of the CBD (Convention on Biological Diversity), and is based on the National Strategy and Action Plan for Biodiversity (NBSAP) in Cameroon. For the protection of the environment, Green Connnexion respects the Cameroonian law N ° 96/12 of 05 August 1996, framework law on environmental management, Title III, Chapter V on the management of natural resources and the conservation of biological diversity Article 62 “. That was six years ago, and even today, the experience of the job gives reason to the founders who had taken this option originally and launched the organization in the best way.

Dr Cristiana Paşca PALMER, Secretary General of the CBD and Dr Jean-Paul GHOGUE, Coordinator of Green Connexion. Sharm El Sheikh, 20 November 2018. Photo @ greenconnexion, 2018.

The same is true for education and capacity development, which are of great concern to Green Connexion. If we stick to a limited framework, we can note that object IV of the Global Strategy for the Conservation of Plants (SGCP) recommends the promotion of Education and awareness about plant diversity, its role in sustainable livelihood and its importance to all life on earth. In Target 14 of this Objective, the SGCP recommends incorporating the importance of plant diversity and the need for its conservation into communication, education and public awareness programs.

Green Connexion is actively seeking funding to support academic internships for students in the areas of biodiversity conservation and environmental protection; to organize educational discussions and seminars; to publish and educational posters and brochures; and to organize radio and television programs on conservation. Thus, Green Connexion will put its knowledge of nature at the service of environmental education of young people; its aim is to create or improve the emotional response of the child to the natural element.

Likewise, in its Objective V, the SGCP recommends capacity building and public enthusiasm to implement the Strategy; and in Target 15, it recommends a sufficient number of trained people working with the appropriate means, in relation to the national needs to achieve the Targets of the Strategy. Green Connexion is fully committed to this goal. His plan is to generally seek solutions for the

Dr. Jean-Paul GHOGUE, Coordinator of Green Connexion, posing with a group of young hosts and hostesses of COP 14. Sharm El Sheikh, November 22, 2018. Photo @ greenconnexion 2018.

implementation of the GSTP in Cameroon and in tropical Africa, but concretely, to seek funding for more social and environmental projects, in which it will be possible to train more people in the conservation of biodiversity and the protection of the environment. For example, for people to be trained in ecotourism, renewable energy techniques, forestry, crafts, food preservation, etc.

Sharm El Sheikh, November 23rd, 2018. (Dr. JP. GHOGUE)